Rules

Triathlon technical information Race officials are present to ensure that the event is conducted safely and that no athlete gains an advantage by not observing the rules.  XTERRA’s official race rules are in effect – please see details in the following pages.

1. Swim:

1.1. Wetsuits: are allowed based on water temperature measured the day prior to the event and confirmed the day of the event. Where water temperatures are close to limits, the decision will be made one hour before the start of the first swim.

Pro/Elite Athletes:  Wetsuits are allowed for pro athletes if the water temperature is below  22 degrees Centigrade. Age Group Athletes:  Wetsuits are allowed for age group athletes if the water temperature is below  22 degrees C

Mandatory Wetsuit:  Wetsuits are mandatory below 14 degrees C Challenged Athletes:  Wetsuits are allowed, but not required, at any water temperature. Note: XTERRA followsthe Swim Rules for Wetsuit Use established by the ITU at all XTERRA events. See Section D.2 in the ITU Competition Rulesfor specific details.

1.3. Swim Hats: Event swim hats, when provided, are required to be worn by all athletes during the entire duration of the swim.

1.4.  Buoys: An athlete confirmed cutting a buoy will be assessed a minimum 2‐minute penalty or longer at the discretion of the race director. 1.5.    General Swim: No fins,swimming aids,snorkels, etc. are allowed.

2. Bike:

2.1.  Equipment: Only mountain bikes are legal for competition. Cyclo‐cross bikes are not allowed. No drop handlebars are allowed. No aero bars are allowed. All bikes must have 26”, 27.5” or 29” wheels. Bar extensions or grips off the handlebars may not exceed five (5) inches.  Any/all bar ends must be capped.

2.2.  Helmets: Must be worn, with chin strap buckle securely fastened, at all times while the bicycle is being ridden. Participation may be denied if helmet is considered damaged or unsafe. Warning:  2‐minute penalty. Refusal to wear helmet: Disqualification.

2.3.  Personal Audio/Music Devices:   No type of sound/music device is allowed during competition. Examples: NO headsets, tape players, CD players, MP3 players or 2‐way radios may be worn.

2.4.  One Bike: Racersshall complete the entire event on the same bicycle upon which the event was begun. Athletes must return to the Bike/Run transition with that bicycle to be allowed to continue.

2.5.   Cutting the course:  Short‐cutting and/or cutting trailswitchbacks or course is not permitted and may result in disqualification.A rider is required to stay on the designated trail that is marked and or specified as the racecourse. It is the rider’sresponsibility to know the designated racecourse. Lack of tape or barriers on the course will not constitute an excuse for cutting course violations.

2.6.  Passing:  Lapped riders must yield to overtaking riders. Ridersshould voice the command “Track!” or “On your left,” when overtaking another. It is the responsibility of faster rider to overtake safely. Slower riders must yield to the passing rider on the first command. In the event two riders are racing for position, the leading rider does not have to yield position to the challenging rider. However, a rider may not bodily interfere with or impede another rider’s progress.

2.7. Drafting:   Drafting is allowed.

2.8. Bike Numbers:    Bike numbers must be mounted on the handlebars facing forward. Cutting of numbers or altering with sponsor stickers is not allowed.    There will be a warning for not having your number on the front of your bike.  Second infraction will be a 2‐minute penalty.  A 2‐minute penalty will be assessed for losing your bike number.

2.9. It is not necessary to wear your run number during the bike segment.  Mountain bike numbers are large and obvious; therefore it is not mandatory to wear a run bib for identification purposes.

3. Run:

3.1. Numbers:   Numbers must be worn on the front of the body. Cutting numbers or altering with sponsorstickersis not allowed. There will be a warning for not having your bib on the front of your body. Second infraction will be a 2‐minute penalty.  A 2‐minute penalty will be assessed for loss of your run bib.

3.2. Personal Audio/Music Devices:  No type of sound/music device is allowed during competition. Examples: no headsets, tape players, CD players, MP3 players or 2‐way radios may be worn.

3.3. Cutting the course:  Short‐cutting and/or cutting trail switchbacks or course is not permitted and may result in disqualification.  A runner is required to stay on the designated trail that is marked and or specified as the racecourse. It is the runner’sresponsibility to know the designated racecourse. Lack of tape or barrier on the course will not be constituted as an excuse for cutting course.

4. Transition:

4.1 You may not mount your bicycle before the exit of the transition area.  You must dismount your bicycle before entering the transition area. In other words – no riding your bike in transition. Riding your bicycle in transition will result in a 2‐minute penalty.

4.2 Helmets: You must have your helmet on and buckled before leaving transition, and YOU MUST have your helmet on and buckled when you return to transition. This is simple common sense – prove to us you are not stupid ‐ wear your helmet. There will be a 2 minute penalty for helmet violations.

4.3 Athletes or the athlete’s representative must present a race number to the transition personnel to remove bikes and race gear after the event

4.4 Bicycles must be returned to the same location on the bike rack.  Bicycles must be securely placed on the bike rack – not left on the ground

5. Event General Rules:

5.1 Ignorance of the rules is not admitted as an excuse for violations.

5.2 It is the racer’s responsibility to maintain adequate hydration. Organizer will provide hydration stations on the bike and run.

5.3 Cutting the course:  Short‐cutting and/or cutting trail switchbacks or course is not permitted and may result in disqualification.A rider/runneris required to stay on the designated trail that is marked and or specified as the racecourse. It is the rider’s/runner’s responsibility to know the designated racecourse. Lack of tape or barrier on the course will not be constituted as an excuse for cutting course.

5.4 Outside assistance: Limited outside assistance is allowed from another athlete competing in the same event. No outside assistance is allowed from any person not competing or working in the same event. These include but are not limited to spectators, friends, family, photographers,police or marshals. Assistance is limited to tools, tubes or any item that would be used to repair a faulty part or damaged bicycle or water, food, or first aid.  Changing bikes is not allowed. Example:  a competing athlete is allowed to give another athlete a chain tool or link or a complete chain. A competing athlete can give another athlete a tire patch, tube or complete wheel. But an athlete cannot exchange bikes with another competitorso that the competitor with the broken bike can simply continue without fixing the break.

Challenged Athletes:  Challenged Athletes may be permitted a handler during the event. The athlete must identify their handler(s) to officials prior to the race start and describe their duties. These duties include helping with prosthetic devices, lifting athletesin/out of wheelchairs, removing wetsuits/clothing,repairing flats and other equipment.

5.5 Conduct:  Foul riding or running, unsportsmanlike behavior or the use of profane or abusive language is grounds for warning,relegation, disqualification or fine.

5.6 Protests: Protests of any nature must be submitted within one hour of the finish time of the person lodging the protest.  Protests must be submitted in writing and signed by the accuser.  Saying somebody cut the course is not good enough – it must be writing and described as accurately as possible.

All protests will be investigated. Because of the nature of XTERRA, it is not always possible to see infractions. XTERRA is in the woods, out of sight and marshaled only where necessary. In every case there will need to be verification of the infraction. Officials will not be drawn into a “hear‐ say” argument.

5.7 Penalties:  Penalties will be determined by the severity of the infraction.  The minimum penalty will always be 2‐minutes. The maximum penalty will be disqualification from the results of the event and/or a loss of prize money.

5.8 Cut‐Off Times:  There may be a cut‐off time enforced.  All cut‐off times must be published in advance.   Cut‐off will be at T2; the bike to run transition. All athletes must make entry to T2 within the time specified. Where there are wave starts, the 4 hours will be measured from the last start of the race.  In certain cases the head official may alter the cut‐off time.

6. ITEMS NOT COVERED and relationship with Portuguese Federation

The published rules and regulations of Portuguese Federation are to be considered law except with regard to the specific rules and regulations stated above. In the case of the need for a ruling not covered in XTERRA regulations or National Federation regulations states the decision of the Managing Director will be final.